Asthma is a chronic lung condition that inflames and narrows the airways. This can make it difficult to breathe and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Asthma symptoms can be triggered by a number of things, including:
• contact with an allergen (such as pollen, dust or animal fur)
• cold air
• strong emotions
• some medications
When asthma symptoms are triggered, the airways narrow and become filled with mucus. This can make it difficult to breathe and cause coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Asthma can be managed with a number of different treatments, including:
• inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
• bronchodilators to open up the airways
• allergen avoidance
With proper management, people with asthma can live normal, active lives.